As someone who just started learning Solidity and its ecosystem about 6 months ago, I kind of assumed it couldn't be that much harder to get up and running with. I was wrong.
Parts of the developer tooling are really nice and polished (the Solana CLI and Anchor), while the rest of the ecosystem, and even the documentation for Anchor (which to be fair, is very new), leaves a decent amount to be desire
- NodJS v14 or higher
- The latest stable Rust build
1. Set Up Solana Development Environment
1.1 Use Solana's Install Tool
Let us start with installing all necessary components in Mac OS, which is OS we currently have; hence it is used for this tutorial.
sh -c "$(curl -sSfL https://release.solana.com/v1.9.12/install)"
Once the installation is successful you will see logs like the following
in Code/ › sh -c "$(curl -sSfL https://release.solana.com/v1.9.12/install)" downloading v1.9.12 installer ✨ 1.9.12 initialized Adding export PATH="/Users/xxx/.local/share/solana/install/active_release/bin:$PATH" to /Users/xxx/.profile Close and reopen your terminal to apply the PATH changes or run the following in your existing shell: export PATH="/Users/xxx/.local/share/solana/install/active_release/bin:$PATH"
Now, you have to run the command and add Solana to your
$PATH so that system can invoke it.
1.2 Use the prebuilt binaries
Download the binaries by navigating to @solana-labs/solana/releases/latest, download solana-release-x86_64-apple-darwin.tar.bz2, then extract the archive:
tar jxf solana-release-x86_64-apple-darwin.tar.bz2 cd solana-release/ export PATH=$PWD/bin:$PATH
There is one more option which is to install the software from source; you can find more information here
If you have installed it correctly you will see the following message when
solana --version is entered in the terminal
› solana --version solana-cli 1.9.12 (src:3875bc91; feat:1070292356)
Compile and run Solana Program
For this tutorial we are going to use @solana-labs/example-helloworld; the original Hello World example from Solana team
Clone the example source code
git clone https://github.com/solana-labs/example-helloworld.git solana-hello cd solana-hello/ yarn install yarn build:program-rust
Set up solana network
We are connecting to Solana Devnet for this tutorial; which can be achieved by running the following command in terminal.
solana config set --url https://api.devnet.solana.com
Which will print a few things like the following
in solana-hello/ on master › solana config set --url https://api.devnet.solana.com Config File: /Users/xxxx/.config/solana/cli/config.yml RPC URL: https://api.devnet.solana.com WebSocket URL: wss://api.devnet.solana.com/ (computed) Keypair Path: /Users/xxxx/.config/solana/id.json Commitment: confirmed
After this, we need to create a new keypair. This keypair allows our account to interact with the deployed programs or smart contracts on the Solana Devnet. This method is insecure for storing keys and is only useful for demo purposes. Thus, you will be promoted to passphrase for security reasons.
Generate Solana Keypair
› solana-keygen new --force Generating a new keypair For added security, enter a BIP39 passphrase NOTE! This passphrase improves security of the recovery seed phrase NOT the keypair file itself, which is stored as insecure plain text BIP39 Passphrase (empty for none): Wrote new keypair to /Users/xxx/.config/solana/id.json ======================================================================== pubkey: 9gSSWsnXBG1r5xxxxxxxxx9Fno8XXdpuF1Rz ======================================================================== Save this seed phrase and your BIP39 passphrase to recover your new keypair: nice xxxx chunk xxxx royal jar xxxx shove xxxx salmon xxxx decrease ========================================================================
Obtain test tokens
Now as in every Blockchain network we need tokens to deploy smart contracts. We can get our tokens from the
cli itself by running
solana airdrop 50
Now that we have all the necessary things we can go ahead and build. We can use the following command.
It will take a while, depends on your machine.
Once the build process is successful you will see something like this
To deploy this program: $ solana program deploy /Users/xxx/Code/yyyyy/solana-hello/dist/program/helloworld.so The program address will default to this keypair (override with --program-id): /Users/xxx/Code/yyyyy/solana-hello/dist/program/helloworld-keypair.json ✨ Done in 46.00s.
Deploy the compiled contract
To deploy to testnet we just run the following command
solana program deploy /Users/xxx/Code/yyyyy/solana-hello/dist/program/helloworld.so
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